Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Immigration reform and enforcement

Daniel Griswold, "Comprehensive Immigration Reform: What Congress and the President Need to Do to Make it Work," Albany Government Law Review 3, 1 (2010).

This article is part of a special issue examining immigration from a variety of different angles.  It does not really break any new ground, but provides a very nice overview, particularly from a demographic perspective.  Further, it reiterates some key points that I wish were more widely known.  Probably the best book laying it all out is Massey, Durand, and Malone's Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration (2002).

The United States’ enforcement-only efforts have failed to stem the flow of illegal immigration, but they have yielded three perverse and unintended consequences.

First, enforcement efforts in urban areas have diverted the inflow to more remote desert regions where the rate of interception has actually dropped. Because of more sophisticated smuggling operations through these more remote regions, an individual attempting to sneak into the country is actually more likely to succeed today than when border enforcement was more lax in the early 1990s.

Second, immigrants entering the country illegally are more likely to die in the attempt. The death rate of migrants crossing the border with Mexico tripled during the 1990s.  In recent years, 300 to 400 people have died horrible deaths along the border from heat stroke and dehydration.  The death toll during the past decade has reached 3,500.  Unclaimed and unnamed bodies have accumulated in morgues and makeshift refrigerator trucks along the border.

Finally, illegal immigrants entering the country today stay longer than before the United States began more aggressive enforcement at the border. Because the United States’ enforcement-only efforts have raised the cost and risk of crossing the border, those who successfully enter are more inclined to stay. As a result, the average length of stay for a Mexican entering the United States has doubled, from 2.6 years in the 1980s to more than five years currently.

The United States’ current policy has perversely interrupted what had been an established circular pattern of migration from Mexico to the United States. From the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, during a time of relatively relaxed border enforcement, an estimated 80% of Mexicans who entered the United States illegally eventually returned to Mexico.

2 comments:

Vicente Duque 11:15 AM  

This comment has to do with the Racism of the Authorities in Suffolk County - The tolerance with violence has begotten murder


Super Racist Bigot wants to be Republican Governor of New York - Suffolk County Executive Steve Levy - Promoting violence and Hatred in Long Island - Intolerance and Murder

Racist Steve Levy :

Many depredations and lots of Violence against Latinos and Immigrants in Long Island, with grave acts of violence and the Coward Terrorist Murder of Marcelo Lucero in Patchogue in November 2008, just after the Presidential Election.

Many acts of harassment and brutal racist violence - Steve Levy attempted to bring the Minutemen ( Famous for Murder of beautiful nine year old Brisenia Flores and her father Raul in a home invasion in May 2009 in Arizona ) - Steve Levy has been very tolerant with many acts of Violence.



POLITICO.COM
Race in N.Y. may be a test for GOP
By BEN SMITH & JONATHAN MARTIN
March 26, 2010

Race in N.Y. may be a test for GOP

http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0310/35043.html


Some excerpts :

A surprise candidacy in the New York governor’s race has brought into stark relief a central dilemma facing resurgent Republicans this year: Should they stick with reliable conservatives or field candidates who are perceived as more electable?

Suffolk County Executive Steve Levy, a Democrat, has switched parties to run on the Republican line, which had been widely assumed to be the property of Rick Lazio, a former congressman best known for stepping in when Rudy Giuliani dropped out of the 2000 Senate race against Hillary Clinton. Lazio, a bank lobbyist in the interim, is a well-liked local figure, a reliable Republican and a patient and deferential man who has waited his turn but has run what many believe is an uninspired campaign.

Levy, his supporters say, is far better poised to capture the zeitgeist, to run against corrupt insiders in Albany and Washington and to beat Democratic state Attorney General Andrew Cuomo in November.

"My skill set lines up perfectly with what the mood of the public is," Levy told POLITICO, promising to "take a sledgehammer to Albany and knock it to pieces and then rebuild it from scratch."

But the choice between the two has brought back bad memories of the GOP’s spectacular failure last year in another prominent New York election — the special House election upstate that ignited an uncontrollable grass-roots wildfire.

The nascent primary for governor has already become less about the two Long Islanders, Levy and Lazio, than about the path forward for the Republican Party, in New York and nationally. Levy’s Republican supporters and operatives are drawn from the maverick world of John McCain’s first bid for president and, harking back further, from the cadre of Republicans still bound to President Richard Nixon’s calculating, moderate political legacy. Lazio has the support of former Gov. George Pataki’s regular Republican circle and national connections to Mitt Romney’s inner circle.

Raciality.com

Vicente Duque

Vicente Duque 10:47 AM  

Elect Cuomo or Lazio for Governor of New York - But elect a Gentleman and not Racist Steve Levy - Andrew M. Cuomo's has big job approval ratings and Great Popularity

Elect Cuomo or Lazio and the state of New York will be fine. Lazio is 100% anti-Illegal Immigrants but this does not detract of his Gentlemanliness. He is not an angel of charity with Minorities, but neither is he the devil .

Don't elect a declared Bigot and Racist like Steve Levy. He is really the Devil's Choice.

Here is Andrew M. Cuomo, What a fine Gentleman !, with a lot of experience in Social Policies, Social Matters like Housing, Poverty, Homelessness, Minority Issues, etc ....


Andrew M. Cuomo in Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Cuomo


Some excerpts :

Cuomo as U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
64th New York State Attorney General
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 1, 2007
Governor Eliot Spitzer
David Paterson
Preceded by Eliot Spitzer
11th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
In office
January 29, 1997 – January 20, 2001
President Bill Clinton
Preceded by Henry Cisneros
Succeeded by Mel Martinez
Born December 6, 1957 (1957-12-06) (age 52)
Queens, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Kerry Kennedy (1990-2003), daughter of Robert Kenney, niece of JFK
Children Cara
Michaela
Mariah
Alma mater Fordham University (B.A.)
Albany Law School (J.D.)
Religion Roman Catholic

Andrew Mark Cuomo ( born December 6, 1957) is the New York State Attorney General. He was elected on November 7, 2006. Previously Cuomo was the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President Bill Clinton between 1997 and 2001.

Cuomo was born in Queens, New York, the elder son of former New York Governor Mario Cuomo and the older brother of ABC News journalist Chris Cuomo. Andrew and his ex-wife, Kerry Kennedy, the seventh child of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy, have three daughters. The couple announced their separation in 2003 and have subsequently divorced.

He attended Archbishop Molloy High School in Queens, New York, graduating in 1975. He then attended Fordham University and received his J.D. from Albany Law School.[1] He was a top aide to his father during his father's 1982 campaign for Governor. He then joined the Governor's staff as one of his father's top policy advisors, a position he filled on and off during his father's 12-year governorship. Cuomo became active in issues affecting the homeless and housing policy in New York during the 1980s and 1990s. He founded a non-profit organization focused on homeless and housing issues, Housing Enterprise for the Less Privileged, or HELP.

During the administration of former New York City Mayor David Dinkins, Cuomo served as Chairman of the New York City Homeless Commission, which was charged with developing policies to address the homeless issue in the city and to develop more housing options.

Youth, Minorities, Politics :

Milenials.com

Vicente Duque

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